Science

The use of cyber space for crime, terrorism and warfare has bought to sharp focus the issue of cyber security and the need for codifying some kind of rules for using cyber space for peaceful purpose. Comment.

BASIC CRUX OF THE QUESTION

The question is regarding the importance of the cyber space in the global scenario and its relevance on crime, terrorism and warfare. It revels the cyber security phenomenon related to the internal, external, space, air and water security related terminology.

Elaborate as,  peace keeping motive has perpetuate its manifesto in the strong and well organized security system, cyber security has play the immensely important role in the today’s security as concern in the cold war era.

Have to describe- economical, financial, defense as well as the environmental security may get violated through such kind of structured cyber crimes.

Implementation of the rule and regulations related to the law and order of the nations needs to restructure because it impact badly due to the lack of legal backing of  newly advent cyber crimes and its spread over.

ANSWER STRUCTURE

Introduction: Defines the meaning of the cyber space and its due importance in the cyber security.

Body text: Keeping in the view of  main focus of the question the text is carved as, positive usage of the cyber space which predominately leads to the peace keeping activities and peaceful purposes in the several heads moreover how it important to restructure and codify the law related to the cyber security and cyber space should be discuss. Carved out few recent examples related to this issue to give more potent to the answer.

Conclusion: Narrate as, cyber stability and conflict prevention related measures for international and country wise dealings in a coordinated way must have to take in immediate basis to reach out of this issue.

ANSWER

There is a growing reliance on cyberspace applications throughout government activities, military planning and operations, industrial and civil infrastructure processes, and financial systems. These data have been vulnerable for cyber crime, terrorism and warfare and can be used as prime tool by other countries. Cyber space provides space for cyber crime like money laundering, cyber defamation, corporate cyber smear, forgery and gambling. Cyber warfare attacks can disable official websites and networks, disrupt or disable essential services, steal or alter classified data, and cripple financial systems by other countries. From last decade Terrorism also converges at cyber space for violence against people and property and Government to generate fear.

Recent activities of ISIS in Middle East and series of videos released by them are potential cyber terrors. They are using Cyber space for their propaganda and for influencing vulnerable people to join ISIS.With the Middle East Conflict at a very heated moment between bordering countries Pro-Palestinian and Pro-Israel Cyber Groups have been launching an offensive against websites and mail services used by the political sectors. It is threat to the world and the way they are growing needs global cooperation to check them before they create havoc.

The major area of concern where some sort of regulation is desirable in data protection and data privacy so that industry, public administrators, netizens, and academics can have confidence as on-line user at national as well as international level.

In India, Information Technology Act, 2000 seeks to protect this advancement in technology by defining crimes, prescribing punishments, laying down procedures for investigation and forming regulatory authorities but there is need to take care for modern cyber crime in this Act. In light of the growth of IT sector in the country, the National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013 was announced by Indian Government in 2013 yet its actual implementation is still missing. As a result fields like crime, terrorism and warfare are still risky and needs codification to tackle these menaces.

AT International level, the present effort like Budapest Convention on Cybercrime (2001), Internet Governance Forum (IGF) (2006), Conferences on Cyberspace (2011), Meridian Process etc. are not adequate with respect to cyber warfare, terrorism and cyber crime. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for Information and Communication Technologies have to take some initiative for some kind of codification. There is need for codifying some kind of rules at International level, so that all states are able to enjoy the benefits of cyberspace like

•All have incentives to cooperate and avoid conflict

•All have good reason not to disrupt or attack one another.

•There is need for international cyber stability for trade and communication.

•Jurisdiction over Cyber server facility of Private Service Provider.

How it can be achieved to promote international cyber stability ?

•By giving “ Cyber Declaratory Statements” in definition, diffusion and adoption norms by every country.

•Engaging all receptive international partners by international engagement through UN, G20 and other regional groups.

•Promote a broad consensus on how existing international law applies to State behavior in cyberspace.

• Limit the role of non-governmental groups in Internet Governance and promote governmental groups.

International cyber stability and conflict prevention are best advanced by implementation of established international law, in conjunction with additional cyber-specific norms of responsible State behavior and practical confidence-building and conflict prevention measures. By bringing all the international community at one platform and bring a modern codification for crime, terrorism and warfare will secure the cyber space.

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