Why is it celebrated?
Teacher’s Day is celebrated on the 5th of September in India since 1962 to celebrate the birthday of former president Professor Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
About Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
He is remembered as India’s most renowned academics on comparative religion and philosophy and for introducing Indian philosophy to the West, bridging the gap between both the cultures.
After Independence in 1947, Dr. Radhakrishnan represented the country at UNESCO and later served as Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union from 1949-1952. Following this he became an elected member of the Constituent Assembly of India.
In 1952, Dr. Radhakrishnan was elected as the First Vice President of India and then as the second President of India in 1962.
He won the Templeton Prize in 1975, for promoting the notion of “a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people”. He donated all the award money to Oxford University
Oxford University, in the memory of the loving teacher of India, set up a scholarship by his name, known as “Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships”
About National Awards to teachers
Every year the President of India gives away National Awards to teachers on September 5. It is awarded to outstanding teachers of primary, middle and higher secondary schools in recognition to their meritorious services. Not only is the academic efficiency recognized, but genuine interest/affection towards children, reputation in local community and involvement in social life of the community also considered.
About World Teachers’ Day
UNESCO proclaimed 5 October to be World Teachers’ Day in 1994 a day devoted to appreciating, assessing, and improving the educators of the world. The real point is to provide a time to look at and address issues pertaining to teachers. Strangely one of the most central, vital professionals to society does not receive the respect it deserves in some parts of the world.