Important Physical Geography Topics For Ias 2014

  • by Manoj K. Jha

IAS aspirants are always in a dilemma regarding the selection of topics and detailing of micro topics of related subjects. Here we are presenting topics for Physical Geography (World & India) ….

By Manoj K. Jha

IAS aspirants are always in a dilemma regarding the selection of topics and detailing of micro topics of related subjects. It has been a challenge especially for the IAS Prelims paper, as range of information matters for prelims exam. Keeping in mind the concerns, we are presenting the list of important topics for prelims 2014. We will cover all the subjects one-by-one. Here we are presenting topics for Physical Geography (World & India) ….

GEOMORPHOLOGY
• Basic Terms and Concepts (Weathering, Erosion, Mass Wasting, Strait, Isthmus, Gulf, Relief, Bay and Cape, Topography and its various types etc.)
• Earth(Shape, Size, Latitude, Longitude, Rotation, Revolution, Local Time, Standard Time, Earth Zone Rocks – Types of Rocks (Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic) Interior Structure of Earth(Crust, Mantle, Core)
• Forces Which Affect The Earth Crust (Endogenetic, Exogenetic Forces, Mountain Building, Fold And Fault) Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonic Theory Etc Volcanism (Types and Distribution) Earthquake(Causes and Distribution) Eutrophication
• Drainage System and Drainage Pattern (Major Drainage Systems, Drainage Pattern, River Capture etc.)
• Biogeography (Genesis, Classification and Distribution of Soils, Soil Profile, Soil Erosion, Degradation and Conservation), (Factors Influencing World Distribution of Plants and Animals, Problems of Deforestation and Conservation Measures, Social Forestry, Agro-Forestry, Biomes and its various types, Major Gene Pool Centers)

CLIMATOLOGY
• Structure and Composition of Atmosphere (Composition of The Atmosphere Including Chemical Composition, Structure of The Atmosphere, Elements of Weather and There Control)
• Winds and Pressure Belt (Types of Wind, Permanent, Periodic and Local Wind) + (Horizontal Distribution of Air Pressure and Pressure Belt, Shifting of Pressure Belt, Pressure Gradient and Circulation, Wind Direction and Related Laws, Tricellular Meridional Circulation of The Atmosphere)
• Mode of Transportation of Heat (Mechanism of Solar Radiation, Distribution of Insolation, Heat Budget Etc.)
• Rainfall Type, Windward Side and Leeward Side (Convectional, Orographic & Cyclonic Rainfall, Global & Zonal Distribution of Rainfall & Its Regime,
• Humidity(Absolute, Specific and Relative), (Condensation & Adiabetic Change of Temperature)
• Clouds, Fog, Dew, Mist Haze and Smog
• Airmasses and Fronts
• Frontogenesis and Frontolysis
• Cyclone (Tropical and Temperate)

OCEANOGRAPHY
• Salinity and Its Distribution
• Tides
• Current (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian)
• Coral Reefs and Atoll

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
• Physiographic Regions of India (Himalaya, Great Plains, Plateau, Coastal Plain and Islands)
• Climate of India (Monsoon and Its Mechanism, El-Nino & La-Nino, Southern Oscillation and Walker Cell, Rainfall and Distribution in India, Climatic Classification of Koppen, Thornthwaite & Trewartha)
• Soils of India (Types, Soil Erosion and Conservation Measure)
• Vegetation of India (Types of Vegetation, Geographycal Distribution, Problems of Forest, Importance of Forest, Forest Products, Mangrove Forest and Social Forestry, Conservation, Wildlife, Preservation of Wildlife)
• Rivers and Tributaries of India(Peninsular and Himalayan River)
• Flood ( Causes, Problems, Prone Ares, Remedy and Forecasting)
• Drought (Types & Causes, Prone Area, Management and Remedy)
• Wetlands (Ramsar Sites, Preservation and Management)