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GS Mains Foundation 2018
GS Mains Foundation 2018
GS Mains Foundation 2018: Complete GS Mains Paper 1, 2, 3, 4 & Essay + GS Mains Test Series (20 Tests) + Ethics Test Series (5 Tests) + Essay Writing (10 Tests). Batch Starts from 6th October in Classroom & Live Online mode. Click Here for More Details & Online Admission.

Agriculture

Syllabus:

• Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
• Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
• Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
• e-technology in the aid of farmers
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
• Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
• Technology missions
• Economics of animal-rearing
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.

Sub Topic List:

    • Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy

 

  • Land resource
  • Land-use
  • Land capability classification
  • Causes of Land Degradation
  • Impact of Land Degradation
  • Steps taken by GOI
  • Sustainable Land Management

 

  • Land Reforms
  • Objectives of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Ceiling Legislation

 

  • Agriculture Finance
  • Introduction
  • Features of Agricultural Finance
  • Criteria for Agricultural Credit
  • Need for Agricultural Finance
  • Sources of Agricultural Finance
  • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture
  • Problems of Agricultural Finance
  • Co-operative Credit Societies in India
  • Suggestions For Improvement

 

  • Agricultural Credit Institutions
    • Introduction
    • Commercial Bank
    • Lead Bank Scheme
    • Multi Agency Approach
    • Regional Rural Banks
    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    • Reserve Bank of India
    • Kisan Credit Card Scheme
    • Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme
    • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)
    • Government Policy For Agricultural Credit
    • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)

 

    • Crop Insurance in India
    • Introduction
    • Historical Background
    • Issues Related to Crop Insurance
    • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
    • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes
    • Challenges

 

  • Agriculture Marketing
  • Introduction
  • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing
  • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India

 

  • Subsidies
  • What is subsidy?
  • Types of subsidies
    • Merit Subsidies
    • Non merit subsidies
    • Direct Subsidies
    • Indirect subsidies
  • Objectives of subsidies
    • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies
    • Enhancing welfare
    • Enhancing productivity
    • Setting the terms of trade right
    • Raising the competitiveness of the products
    • Political expediency and populism
  • Farm Subsidies
    • Need for incentives to use modern inputs
    • Support poor farmers to bear the cost of modern cultivation
    • Support to farmers in case of glut
  • Types of support to farmers
    • Fertiliser subsidies
    • Subsidy on power
    • Subsidy on irrigation
  • Rationale of Minimum Support Price
  • Impact of MSP on inflation
  • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations,, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS
  • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers
  • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB
  • Important questions on the future of subsidies
  • Are subsidies second best solution?
  • Can we rely on market for food Security?
  • Are subsidies sustainable in the long run?
  • Why business/growth model and social model need to be pursued
    together?

 

  • Agricultural Revolutions in India
  • Green Revolution
  • White Revolution – Operation Flood
  • Yellow Revolution
  • Blue Revolution
  • Golden Fiber Revolution: Jute

 

  • Food Processing
  • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors
  • Policy Initiatives
  • Spice Board India
  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector
  • Sector-specific government policies
  • Government Initiatives
  • Issues in Food Processing Sector
  • FDI Policy in Food Processing
  • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector
  • Strategies Adopted in Budget
  • New foreign and domestic investment
  • Growth Factors in food and processing industry

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