IAS Score

All India PT Mock Test (OMR Based) Across 20 Cities

will be conducted on 20th May, 2018. Click here for Test Schedule & Online admission.

Test Center List:

  1. Delhi
  2. Jammu
  3. Chandigarh
  4. Ahmedabad
  5. Bhopal
  6. Lucknow
  7. Allahabad
  8. Patna
  9. Ranchi
  10. Kolkata
  11. Bhubaneswar
  12. Raipur
  13. Jaipur
  14. Mumbai
  15. Pune
  16. Nagpur
  17. Hyderabad
  18. Chennai
  19. Coimbatore
  20. Bengaluru



• Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
• Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage
• Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
• e-technology in the aid of farmers
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
• Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security
• Technology missions
• Economics of animal-rearing
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.

Sub Topic List:

    • Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy


  • Land resource
  • Land-use
  • Land capability classification
  • Causes of Land Degradation
  • Impact of Land Degradation
  • Steps taken by GOI
  • Sustainable Land Management


  • Land Reforms
  • Objectives of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Ceiling Legislation


  • Agriculture Finance
  • Introduction
  • Features of Agricultural Finance
  • Criteria for Agricultural Credit
  • Need for Agricultural Finance
  • Sources of Agricultural Finance
  • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture
  • Problems of Agricultural Finance
  • Co-operative Credit Societies in India
  • Suggestions For Improvement


  • Agricultural Credit Institutions
    • Introduction
    • Commercial Bank
    • Lead Bank Scheme
    • Multi Agency Approach
    • Regional Rural Banks
    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
    • Reserve Bank of India
    • Kisan Credit Card Scheme
    • Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme
    • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)
    • Government Policy For Agricultural Credit
    • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)


    • Crop Insurance in India
    • Introduction
    • Historical Background
    • Issues Related to Crop Insurance
    • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
    • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes
    • Challenges


  • Agriculture Marketing
  • Introduction
  • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing
  • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India


  • Subsidies
  • What is subsidy?
  • Types of subsidies
    • Merit Subsidies
    • Non merit subsidies
    • Direct Subsidies
    • Indirect subsidies
  • Objectives of subsidies
    • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies
    • Enhancing welfare
    • Enhancing productivity
    • Setting the terms of trade right
    • Raising the competitiveness of the products
    • Political expediency and populism
  • Farm Subsidies
    • Need for incentives to use modern inputs
    • Support poor farmers to bear the cost of modern cultivation
    • Support to farmers in case of glut
  • Types of support to farmers
    • Fertiliser subsidies
    • Subsidy on power
    • Subsidy on irrigation
  • Rationale of Minimum Support Price
  • Impact of MSP on inflation
  • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations,, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS
  • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers
  • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB
  • Important questions on the future of subsidies
  • Are subsidies second best solution?
  • Can we rely on market for food Security?
  • Are subsidies sustainable in the long run?
  • Why business/growth model and social model need to be pursued


  • Agricultural Revolutions in India
  • Green Revolution
  • White Revolution – Operation Flood
  • Yellow Revolution
  • Blue Revolution
  • Golden Fiber Revolution: Jute


  • Food Processing
  • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors
  • Policy Initiatives
  • Spice Board India
  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector
  • Sector-specific government policies
  • Government Initiatives
  • Issues in Food Processing Sector
  • FDI Policy in Food Processing
  • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector
  • Strategies Adopted in Budget
  • New foreign and domestic investment
  • Growth Factors in food and processing industry

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