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GS Mains Foundation 2018
GS Mains Foundation 2018
GS Mains Foundation 2018: Complete GS Mains Paper 1, 2, 3, 4 & Essay + GS Mains Test Series (20 Tests) + Ethics Test Series (5 Tests) + Essay Writing (10 Tests). Batch Starts from 6th October in Classroom & Live Online mode. Click Here for More Details & Online Admission.

Indian society


Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies, Effects of globalization on Indian society, Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Sub Topic List:

1. Salient features of Indian society
• What is Indian society
• Is it a mental construct or a living reality
• Features of Indian society
• Changes within Indian society and their repercussions
• Causes of changes
• Coping mechanisms derived
• Indian society today

2. Diversity of India
• What is diversity
• Types of diversities in India
• Can diversity be equated with difference
• The unity in diversity- a reality or a chimera
• Some examples
• Manner of reconciliation

3. Role of women’s organizations
• What are Women’s organizations
• Women’s organizations in Indian history
• Types of women’s organizations
• Level of penetration
• Women’s organization – a ray of hope few case studies
• Should women’s organization be female centric or a positive change in the structure is the need of the hour- an appraisal
• Problems faced by women’s organizations
• Is a larger vocal role possible and ways to achieve the same

4. Poverty and development issues
• Poverty – Definition and concept
• Concept of development
• Development and poverty –the matrix
• Sen Vs Bhagwati model
• Crisis of development
• Certain case studies
• Is filling the chasm possible- and how so
• Government’s initiatives and the five year plans
• Role of civil society organizations
• How far how long- an assessment.

5. Population and associated issues
• What is population- meaning and concept
• Different components of population
• Problem of IMR, MMR and TFR
• International Targets(MDGs) and India’s story
• Government’s initiatives for the same
• Family planning and the problems
• Demographic dividend and the way to capitalize it

6. Urbanization , their problems and remedies
• Urbanization introduction through census 2011
• Urbanization and issues
I. Transport
II. Waste disposal
III. Rural-urban migration
IV. Sanitation
V. Environment
VI. Housing
VII. Water depletion
VIII. Pollution
• Steps taken by GOI
• Issues and reforms needed
• 12th five year plan

7. Effects of globalization on Indian society
• What is the meaning of globalization
• Meaning of Indian society
• Kinds of impact of globalization – economic, political, developmental and socio-cultural
• Is the impact solely positive or negative an assessment.

8. Social empowerment
• Meaning and concept of social empowerment
• Why do we need social empowerment
• Specific sections for whom social empowerment is the life blood
• Social empowerment through the five year plans
• Government’s initiatives for empowerment
• Empowerment in reality and India’s experience
• Other approaches /players/tools for social empowerment and some case studies on the same
• Conclusion – today’s state and way forward

9. Communalism
• Meaning and concept of communalism
• Historicity of communalism
• Is it an ideology or just some random events -a relook
• Recent incidents
• Role of third parties in inciting/perpetrating communalism
• Communalism under the law
• Can communalism eradicated from the Indian society completely
• How and the way forward.

10. Secularism
• Meaning and concept of secularism
• Secularism through the vantage point of Indian Constitution
• Comparisons of models
• Gandhi ji on religion
• Indian philosophy on secularism
• Threats on the secular spirit
• Is the Indian democracy mature enough to handle the gravity of secularism in the light of lok-sabha election results 2014.
• Do we need to work upon Indian brand of secularism and how is that going to be possible

11. Regionalism
• Meaning and concept of regionalism
• Why regionalism
• Theories on regionalism
• Regionalism in its various manifestations
• Role of various players
• Recent incidents causing a wave of flurry
• Possible ways to tackle the same


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