Overview of NIRF
• MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) has released Ranking System Framework for Higher Educational Institutions of India. This is the first time that a reliable, transparent and authentic ranking system is being implemented in the country for Higher Education.
• To bring fair competition among Indian universities.
• Now parents and students will have worth information about the quality of a particular university, college or vocational institution.
In what background was NIRF developed?
In the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THEWUR) 2014
Not a single Indian university could make it to the list of top 275 universities in the world and
Not a single institute of engineering & technology figured in the top 100 institutes in the category.
Then some educationists argued that that India should have its own system of ranking educational institutions based on certain India-specific parameters.
In this background NIRF was launched in 2015 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).
What are the Parameters?
• The parameters broadly cover:
|Teaching, Learning & Resources||· Student Strength including Doctoral Students
· Faculty-student ratio with emphasis on permanent faculty
· Combined metric for Faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and Experience
· Total Budget and Its Utilisation
|Research & Professional Practices||· Combined metric for Publications
· Combined metric for Quality of Publications
· IPR and Patents: Filed, Published, Granted and Licensed
· Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice And Executive Development Programs
|Graduation Outcomes||· Combined % for Placement, Higher Studies, and Entrepreneurship (GPHE)
· Metric for University Examinations: GUE
· Median Salary
· Metric for Graduating Students Admitted Into Top Universities (GTOP)
· Metric for Number of Ph.D. Students Graduated GPHD
|Outreach and Inclusivity||· Percent Students from other states/countries (Region Diversity RD)
· Percentage of Women (Women students + faculty)
· Economically and Socially Challenged Students
· Facilities for Physically Challenged Students
|Perception||· Peer Perception: Employers and Research Investors
· Peer Perception: Academics
· Public Perception
What can be further done to further improve NIRF?
Suggestions on some parameters to improve quality of higher education system
|Parameter||Observation & suggestion|
|Teaching, learning and resources
|· In many private educational institutions, quality of teachers is not up to the mark as they are not paid on par with their counterparts working in government or government-aided institutions.
· Thus pay to faculties should be increased.
|Research and professional practices
|· It is not the quantity but the quality, originality, relevance and usefulness of research papers that matter.
· Of late the research papers have been characterised by manufacturing of data, plagiarism and academic dishonesty.
· Thus a check should be there on this.
|Outreach and inclusivity (OI)
|· Working in our local areas is much more than charity for higher education institutions.
· Just like Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Institute Social Responsibility (ISR) should be emphasised.
· Each educational institution should adopt a few villages where the faculty and students should interact with the villagers and impart their knowledge to the rural people and learn local lessons from them.